Habitat Creation, Protection, and Monitoring

B. Describe organized bird monitoring or data obtained from researchers or volunteers in the local park system. (Exclusions: Programs that receive credit under 4C: Christmas Bird Count, Great Backyard Bird Count, Swift Night Out)

Members from the Greenfield Pollinator Protection Committee participated in the official 2021 Christmas Bird Count at/around the Kulwicki Park eBird Hotspot, hosted by Wehr Nature Center.

E. Describe your community’s ordinance demonstrating that your community does not restrict natural/native landscaping that emphasizes native plants and non-turf lawns.

Greenfield recently revised the City's Noxious Weed Ordinance to allow for Naturally Managed Landscaping (follow hyperlink).

F. Show that your community offers the public information on how they can control and remove invasive species in order to improve or maintain bird habitat.

From our Bird City, WI homepage, users can click this link to learn more about invasive species control.  

H. Show that the local Chamber of Commerce or a similar group (e.g., an Audubon chapter, Wild Ones, etc.) takes an active role in the planning process for protecting and enlarging favorable bird habitat.

One of our community partners, the Wisconsin Metro Audubon Society (WMAS) has recently implemented programming in support of gardening and creating habitat for pollinators and birds. For 2021, WMAS graciously allowed all Greenfield residents and Greenfield Pollinator Protection Committee members to be part of their Gardening for the Birds, Bees, and Butterflies program, free of charge.

I. Document a recent project that created or restored bird habitat in your community. (Exclusions: Bird feeders and small-scale artificial nesting structures)

In 2022, Greenfield began a restoration project in the City's most popular green space, Konkel Park.  The Honey Creek Restoration project is an urban stream renewal project that will improve water quality, restore wetlands and enhance plant and animal habitat.  The main channel, surrounding wetlands and flood retention pond will be planted with native vegetation, including trees, shrubs, wetland and upland grasses and wild flowers that will provide habitat, food and shelter for birds. 

N. Show that your community works on public lands to control invasive species that have significant negative impacts on bird habitat.

On an ongoing basis, Greenfield works to control invasive species, including buckthorn removal, on public properties.  Please reference a recent invasive species removal effort from 2022.

T. Document that your community maintains a birding trail or hot spot location with educational signage and/or literature. (Note: A birding hotspot alone is not sufficient - your community must actively promote birding and public education at the site itself.)

In partnership with Wild Birds Unlimited (WBU), Greenfield has created the area's first eBird Hotspot at Kulwicki Park.  This hotspot is adjacent to our Pollinator Habitat site and is extensively promoted by both WBU and the City.  The Hotspot is promoted at the WBU store, local events, on our website and social media platforms.  In 2021, the City submitted a grant to Bird City, WI for a project that would install educational/interpretive signage at this site.  We did not receive the requested funds, but we will continue to pursue grants for these signs going forward (follow hyperlinks for more info).

U. Show that your community maximizes the value of right-of-way space (e.g., power lines, pipelines, etc.) by planting them with native grasses, shrubs, herbs, and other prairie/grassland plants.

In 2021. the City of Greenfield, in partnership with American Transmission Company, installed a Pollinator Habitat along the ATC utility corridor adjacent to Kulwicki Park.  We planted .75 acre of low-growing, native plants (mesic mix) in the utility right-of-way (follow hyperlink).

Community Forest Management

A. Demonstrate that your community has been awarded Tree City USA status by the National Arbor Day Foundation.

Greenfield has been recognized as a Tree City USA for 27 years (as of 2021). The City of Greenfield has the longest active Tree City "Growth Award" in Wisconsin (follow hyperlink).

Limiting or Removing Threats to Birds

B. Demonstrate that your community provides property owners with information on how to protect birds from window strikes (e.g., online links, brochures).

The City provides online resources on how to prevent bird strikes as links through Greenfield's website (Birds and Collisions) and through paper handouts at educational events.  As a part of our 2021 World Migratory Bird Day event we raffled off anti-bird strike window decals and provided coupons to buy the decals at area stores.

F. Demonstrate that your community enforces an ordinance that requires domestic cats to be kept indoors, on a leash, or in an enclosure to prevent them from preying on birds and other wildlife and spreading disease.

Greenfield enforces an Animals at Large ordinance, requiring all pets to be leashed.  

Public Education

B. Provide web links or a community newsletter demonstrating that your community educates property owners on methods to create and enhance backyard habitat for birds.

Bird habit information for residents can be found at Greenfield's Bird City, WI page:  Bird and pollinator habitat creation information is also shared regularly on social media and at in-person events.

C. Demonstrate that your community is represented in at least one citizen science bird monitoring program (e.g., the Christmas Bird Count, Great Backyard Bird Count, Swift Night Out).

Members from the Greenfield Pollinator Protection Committee participated in the official 2021 Christmas Bird Count at/around the Kulwicki Park eBird Hotspot, hosted by Wehr Nature Center.  This Christmas Bird Count form demonstrates committee members' involvement in the count.

F. Demonstrate that your community understands the critical ecological role of pollinators by documenting your Bee City USA status or by describing another substantial effort to promote pollinator health (for ideas visit the Xerxes Society and the Pollinator Partnership).

Greenfield also proudly carries the distinctions of being a Bee City and Monarch City, USA (please click on hyperlinks for designation information).

G. Provide a link to your community’s Bird City Wisconsin webpage, which must be visible from the main page of your municipal website (it may be located at the first level of a drop down menu on the main page but cannot be any less visible) OR demonstrate that your Bird City effort has a significant social media presence.

Greenfield's Bird City, WI initiative is part of our larger commitment to protecting all pollinators.  The Bird City page is a part of our Pollinator Friendly Community page.  It has received significant traffic since it has been launched, through the City's Facebook and Twitter accounts and it has been highlighted on our Latest City News page.  Please follow the link for more info:


I. Show that your municipality promotes and supports a bird club or other environmentally/ecologically-minded club. (Exclusions: Garden clubs, unless you demonstrate a strong focus on native plants)

Greenfield supports a Pollinator Protection Committee that consists of two City staff members (including the City Forester) and 7-10 volunteers who live, work or play in the community.  (follow the hyperlink for more info)

Energy & Sustainability

B. Show that your community goes above and beyond in its support for, and implementation of, green transportation (e.g., bike trails, rideshare programs, bike trails/lanes, etc.). Be sure to utilize the narrative to illustrate why your community is exceptional because standard practice will not receive credit.

The City of Greenfield is dedicated to implementing green transportation for both the environmental health of our lands and the physical health of our residents.  Recently, Greenfield received the Silver Level for the Wisconsin Healthy Communities Designation program.  As background, this program is intended to recognize local communities’ efforts to improve health according to six guiding principles.  This designation, in part, was supported by Greenfield’s implementation of green transportation infrastructure throughout the community.  Greenfield seeks to proactively improve bike and pedestrian accommodations and to incorporate active transportation for off road multi-modal recreation as well as utilitarian travel.  The Powerline Trail, a significant pedestrian trail project, broke ground in 2021, with a tentative completion in 2022.  The Powerline Trail is a major shared-use path spanning a WE-Energies/ATC utility corridor that will provide opportunities for physical activity and connect users to parks, the existing Milwaukee County Oak Leaf Trail system and at both ends will provide access to other trails, bike lanes, sidewalk and bicycle boulevards.  The Powerline is a part of the Rails-to-Trails initiative, with the goal of working with the cities of Milwaukee and St. Francis to take the trail all the way to Lake Michigan in the future.  (please follow hyperlinks for more info)



World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD)

A. This community's municipal body passed the required World Migratory Bird Day resolution.

B. Document and describe your event that incorporates the annual IMBD theme in some fashion. If the event has not yet occurred, please share your detailed plans. For information on the current year’s theme and event materials, please visit the World Migratory Bird Day website. To see what other Bird City communities have done in the past, please view some other profiles on our website.

Greenfield's WMBD was held in conjunction with the Greenfield Farmers Market and included bird info education, a Q&A with Auriana Donaldson from the Milwaukee County Zoo, a Prize Raffle featuring certified bird-friendly products (such as tea, coffee, chocolate) and anti-strike decals, a pollinator plant giveaway, bird face painting for kids, music and more!  (please click on hyperlinks for more info)



Joined Bird City: 2020

Population: 36,903

Incorporated: 1957

Area: 11.54 mi2

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