B. Describe organized bird monitoring or data obtained from researchers or volunteers in the local park system. (Exclusions: Programs that receive credit under 4C: Christmas Bird Count, Great Backyard Bird Count, Swift Night Out)
The Village of Shorewood Hills is a wooded area that serves as a migratory stopover. Its nine parks are small, making up only 21 of its 513 acres, but its extensive mature tree canopy, with a high percentage of mature oaks, allows birds to spend large proportions of their time in yards as well as parks. Four of the Village parks, containing 6.1 acres, are natural area parks (Dudley Davis Quarry Park, Koval Woods, Oak Way Lots, and Bigfoot Park). Another two parks, containing 2.69 acres are mixed use parks (Bradley and McKenna Parks), which have both natural and recreational areas. A significant proportion of the Village yards are also naturalized, having native, usually woodland or savanna, vegetation or a mixture of native and domestic plants that support insects, birds and other wildlife.
The location of the Village of Shorewood Hills enhances its attractiveness to birds, especially Neotropical woodland migrants. The Village of Shorewood Hills is bounded on the north by Lake Mendota. The Village is immediately west of the University of Wisconsin-Madison campus. A significant portion of this campus border is the UW-Madison Lakeshore Nature Preserve (the 300 acres of natural areas on campus), a Wisconsin Important Bird Area and Site 12 on the Great Wisconsin Birding and Nature Trail: Southern Savanna Region. The Preserve has four miles of undeveloped Lake Mendota shoreline. The Village of Shorewood Hills also has over a mile of wooded Lake Mendota shoreline immediately west of the Preserve land. Three parks, McKenna, Big Foot, and the Marina, are on Lake Mendota. Diverse waterfowl and various migrating birds, including Osprey and Bald Eagle, use this lake edge.
The mature oak forest in the northeast section of the Village is a continuation of the Eagle Heights Woods oak forest, a section of the Lakeshore Nature Preserve. This oak extension includes three parks, Koval Woods, McKenna Park, and Four Corners Park. Woodland birds from the Preserve regularly come into this portion of the Village and use these parks. Also near the Village is Big Woods, another wooded section of the Lakeshore Nature Preserve. Finally, University Bay Drive borders the playing fields which adjoins the Lakeshore Nature Preserve Class of 1918 Marsh and University Bay Marsh. Birds from these areas regularly visit Shorewood yards and feeders, enriching the bird population of Shorewood Hills. A Lakeshore Nature Preserve Checklist is available.
The Village is bounded on the west by the 99.5 acre Blackhawk Country Club. The club is part of the Village of Shorewood Hills Parks system but is leased as a golf course. The course supports woodland and savanna birds. Blackhawk Country Club is trying to obtain recognition from Audubon International for improving its resource use and wildlife habitat. It maintains a Bluebird trail. In past years, Red-headed Woodpeckers regularly nested at Blackhawk and they still visit annually.
The diverse bird population of the Village is due to its location. Bordered on the north by the shore of Lake Mendota, its forested nature with a high percentage of oaks, and its location adjacent to the Lakeshore Nature Preserve IBA, the birding in the Village can be outstanding. Most woodland birds regularly occur in migration and many rare birds are also found.
Avid bird watchers like Roma Lenehan regularly bird in the Village of Shorewood Hills. Included with the Bird City Wisconsin application was a list of 47 nesting birds, which included many birds that nest in holes in the mature trees. Woodland Neotropical migrants are common in the Village. Most warblers, thrushes, and vireos that regularly occur in southern Wisconsin occur in the Village of Shorewood Hills. Marsh birds and grassland birds are rare in the Village because these habitats do not occur in the Village.
F. Show that your community offers the public information on how they can control and remove invasive species in order to improve or maintain bird habitat.
The Village of Shorewood Hills has had an ordinance requiring the control of Garlic Mustard since 1999. Information on identifying and controlling Garlic Mustard, Honeysuckle, and Buckthorn is available online and appears periodically in the Village of Shorewood Hills Bulletin. Park priorities include continuing “to eliminate invasive non-native species,” including Garlic Mustard, Honeysuckle, and Buckthorn (The Village of Shorewood Hills Parks and Open Space Plan, 2003). The Village Forester works to eliminate invasive species in the parks, speaks to Village groups like the Garden Club, and talks to homeowners about eliminating invasive species from their properties.
Community Forest Management
A. Demonstrate that your community has been awarded Tree City USA status by the National Arbor Day Foundation.
The Village of Shorewood Hills continues to be recognized as a Tree City USA by the Arbor Day Foundation following its initial award in 2002.
Limiting or Removing Threats to Birds
A. Describe your community’s educational program to control free-roaming cats and/or the manner in which you actively publicize the Cats Indoors! initiative.
The Village of Shorewood Hills hands out Cats Indoors Brochures purchased from American Bird Conservancy (ABC) when people purchase their mandatory annual cat license.
The Village of Shorewood Hills celebrated International Migratory Bird Day on March 1, 2018, in partnership with the Shorewood Hills Garden Club, attracting 35 attendees. Dr. Richard Beilfuss, President and CEO of the International Crane Foundation in Baraboo, spoke on the Crane Foundation’s efforts to preserve the cranes of the world including the endangered Whooping Crane. The Parks Committee also had an educational display about birds.